Applications Of White Metal Alloy In Modern Industries

white metal alloy

White metal alloy, also known as Babbitt metal, is a remarkable material utilised across industries for over a century. This soft, low-melting-point alloy is composed of tin, antimony, and copper and offers outstanding properties that make it ideal for various applications.

Let’s delve into the key features of white metal alloy:

Impressive Strength: Capable of withstanding heavy loads and stresses, the white metal alloy is known for its high strength.

Easy Melting: With its low melting point, this alloy can be easily melted and cast into different shapes and sizes, allowing for flexibility in production.

Reduced Friction: The white metal alloy is perfect for bearings and bushings, providing smooth and efficient performance thanks to its low friction coefficient.

Corrosion Resistance: White metal alloy boasts excellent corrosion resistance, making it a popular choice for applications in marine and other corrosive environments.

Wear Resistant: With good wear resistance, this alloy is an optimal choice for applications that require durability under heavy wear conditions.

Machinability: Metal alloy is easily machinable, meaning it can be shaped and formed to meet specific application requirements conveniently.

Dimensional Stability: Its low thermal expansion coefficient makes white metal alloy a dependable choice for applications where dimensional stability is essential.

Excellent Electrical Conductivity: Recognised for its good electrical conductivity, white metal finds applications in the electrical and electronic industries.

Industries that benefit from the use of white metal alloy:

a infographic showing Industries that benefit from the use of white metal alloy

Automotive Industry:

The white metal alloy is commonly used as a bearing material in the automotive industry. Engine bearings, connecting rod bearings, and main bearings benefit from this alloy’s low friction and high load-carrying capacity. By utilising white metal alloy in automotive bearings, friction is reduced, fuel efficiency is improved, and engine life is extended.

Power Generation Industry:

The power generation industry also relies on white metal for its bearings. From large turbines to generators and electric motors, bearings in this domain require materials that can withstand high loads and operate at high speeds. The white metal alloy’s low friction and high load-carrying capacity make it an excellent choice, leading to improved efficiency, reduced downtime, and extended equipment life.

Marine Industry:

In the challenging marine environment, white metal shines as a bearing material for ship propellers, pumps, and other equipment. These bearings must withstand saltwater exposure and extreme temperatures. With its resistance to wear and corrosion, the metal alloy is an ideal choice for marine applications. It helps reduce maintenance costs and prolongs the life of the equipment.

Industrial Machinery:

Various industrial machinery benefits from using white metal alloy, including heavy equipment, pumps, compressors, and gearboxes. These bearings experience heavy loads and high-speed operations. White metal alloys’ low friction and high load-carrying capacity suit such demanding applications. Using white metal in industrial machinery bearings enhances efficiency, reduces downtime, and extends equipment life.


The white metal alloy has proved its worth across industries for over a century, thanks to its outstanding properties such as low coefficient of friction, high load-carrying capacity, and wear and fatigue resistance. Its applications in automotive, power generation, marine, and industrial machinery sectors help reduce friction, improve efficiency, and extend the lifespan of the equipment. As technology advances, the white metal alloy will continue as a popular choice for bearing applications in modern industries.

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